Overview of Sudan Weather
Sudan is a country located in northeastern Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea and Ethiopia to the east, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. Sudan has an area of 1,861,484 square kilometers (718,724 square miles), making it the third-largest country in Africa. The capital of Sudan is Khartoum, which is located in the northeastern part of the country on the banks of the Blue Nile.
The climate of Sudan is tropical and arid. The rainy season lasts from June to September, during which time the country receives the majority of its rainfall. Sudan averages around 508 millimeters (20 inches) of precipitation per year. The average temperature in Sudan is 30°C (86°F), with highs reaching 40°C (104°F) during the hottest months of April and May.
The terrain of Sudan is mostly flat plains with some hills in the west and southwest. The Nile River runs through the country from south to north and is the primary source of water for Sudan.
Sudan is home to a number of different ethnic groups, the largest of which are the Arabs, who make up around 70% of the population. Other ethnic groups include the Fur, Nuba, and Beja. The official language of Sudan is Arabic, but English is also widely spoken.
The economy of Sudan is primarily agricultural, with livestock accounting for a significant portion of the country’s exports. Other important industries in Sudan include oil, textiles, and manufacturing. Sudan has been embroiled in a number of civil wars in recent years, which has led to economic instability.